Experiment-5: 8085 ALP to find 2‘s complement of an 8 bit number


AIM: Write a program to find 2‘s complement of an 8 bit number.

Objective:

  • To understand the complement process
  • To write algorithm for 1’s complement
  • To develop the assembly language program to find 2’s complement
  • To analyse the result and interpret errors if any

Requirement:

  • Operating System- Windos, Linux
  • 8085 simulator

Theory

2’s complement of a number is found in following ways:

  • Do the 1’s complement of the given number
  • Add ‘1’ to this 1’s complement

Example:

Find the 2’s complement of 59h

Number 59h                       =  01011001

1’s complement               = 10100110

Adding ‘1’ = 10100110 + 1 = 10100111

So, 2’s complement of 59h = A7h

Algorithm:

  • Get a number in the accumulator
  • Complement using CMA
  • Add ‘1’ to this to get 2’s complement
  • Save the result

Assembly language Program

 

Address OP-CODE Operands Label Mnemonic Comments
4200 C3 05 042 JMP start
4203 F0 X: db  0F0h
4204 00 Y: Db 00h
4205 00 Start: NOP
4206 21 03 042 LXI H, X
4209 11 04 042 LXI D, Y
420C 7E MOV A,M
420D 2F CMA
420E C6 01 AdI 01
4210 12 STAX D
4211 76 HLT
Result

 

 

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